Articles tagged with ‘medicine’

Sambucus williamsii Image: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
30 June 2014
A traditional Chinese folk medicine used for treating bone fractures and joint diseases may be just as effective for managing osteoporosis as commercially available medications, but without their potential side effects. Epidemiological studies in China suggest that almost 70 million people suffer...
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Colony of human pluripotent stem cells, stained for DNA (blue) and the protein  Oct4 (green). Image: Zandstra Laboratory, University of Toronto
30 June 2014
A new method for testing how human stem cells respond to environmental cues could dramatically improve the ability to harness these cells for regenerative medicine and drug-screening applications. The method was developed by a University of Toronto (U of T) team in...
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Schematic showing how the artificial membranes are formed and their advantages over existing live cell culture methods. Image: ACM Biolabs
27 June 2014
Synthetic cell membranes offer low-cost, easily maintained drug targets that help shorten the drug discovery process. What once took weeks or even months can now be done in a matter of days. Cells communicate with each other and exchange vital molecules through...
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Main: Cancer cells spread and grow through the body via the bloodstream as malignant cells in a human body. Image: 123rf.com Insert: Diagram demonstrating the isolation Image: National University Hospital and CellSievo
27 June 2014
A new non-invasive method in Singapore, involving the harvest of circulating tumour cells, will help doctors monitor the progress of cancer patients to determine the effectiveness of chemotherapy. Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) are cancer cells that have sloughed off from the primary...
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This robotic system is designed to help surgeons insert a radio frequency ablation needle into a breast tumour as demonstrated on this goat. Image: Fujie Lab, Waseda University
27 June 2014
Japanese researchers are harnessing robotics technology to automate a safe and minimally invasive treatment for breast cancer. Researchers at Waseda University’s Fujie Lab, in cooperation with Kyushu University and Tohoku University, are building a robotic surgical assistant that uses radiofrequency ablation to...
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Insulin pens. Image: Sriram Bala/ Flickr
26 June 2014
Researchers are currently investigating whether a naturally occurring human protein that can trigger the death of cancer cells could also be used as a treatment for obesity and diabetes. Called tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), the protein’s role in promoting apoptosis,...
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High-fat diets and Type 2 diabetes go hand in hand
21 August 2012
Scientists in Japan and the US have uncovered a molecular mechanism that links diet and ‘Type 2’ diabetes. The work opens the way to new treatments for the condition.
Microtag embedded in a pig intestine
28 June 2012
A*STAR’s Institute of Microelectronics (IME) in Singapore is developing miniature devices that seek out and tag diseased cells in the gut. It is hoped that these ‘mini doctors’ will improve diagnostic capability and lead to more effective treatments for patients.
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Aedes aegypti mosquito biting human
11 June 2012
A new test uses the chikungunya virus’s (CHIKV) own protein to screen whether people have contracted the virus or not. Control of the disease, which can lead to brain disease and liver failure, will aid in reducing economic and social strains put...
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nanomagents
5 June 2012
Research at the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) in Japan has provided a detailed insight into the mechanisms of heat generation in magnetic nanoparticles that could be used to kill cancerous cells.
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